Montessori Curriculum

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The Montessori Curriculum is divided into 5 parts, they are:

  • Practical Life
  • Sensorial
  • Language
  • Mathematics
  • Culture

 

Practical Life

The practical life section is the most important area in a Montessori classroom. It is through these materials that the child develops self-confidence, control and concentration. Children will be naturally drawn to this area because these materials are most familiar to them.

The activities will contain objects and materials that are normally encountered in the everyday living, for example Pouring Water, Fastening Buttons, Cutting with a Scissors and many more. Most of the activities of practical life will fall into four main categories: Elementary Movements, Care of self, Care of the Environment and Social Skills, Grace and Courtesy.

Sensorial

The sensorial materials help the child to become aware of detail. Each of the activities isolate one defining quality, such as colour, weight, shape, texture, size, sound and smell. It is in this area that math concepts are first introduced.

The primary purpose of the sensorial activities is to help the child in his/her effort to sort out the many and varied impressions given by the senses. They help to do this in four ways: they are specifically designed to develop, order, broaden and refine sense perception.

The activities identify a single quality, reveal a range of small differences in the quality and explore patterns in those differences. The child's understanding of the world is "broadened" when the sensorial activities awaken certain sense experiences that were previously unexplored, such as the feel of shapes or the smell of spices.

They allow the child to experience and concentrate on particular qualities in perfect clarity and isolation. The sensorial activities also provide the child with basic skills needed for mathematics work.

Language

  • The language area contains many learning opportunities such as:
  • Learning the shapes and sounds of the letters
  • Perfecting the fine motor skills for writing
  • Vocabulary development
  • Matching of words and pictures
  • Reading silently
  • Reading development-reading word lists, sentences, stories
  • Parts of speech-word games with nouns, verbs and adjectives

We also believe that reading and telling the children stories is very important to their language development and we are happy to suggest books for you to read at home with your child. 

Mathematics

  • Maths is introduced to the child from day one through the Practical Life and Sensorial exercises as well as counting games. Using the Montessori Material for Maths the child is introduced to:
  • Numbers 1-10 (using number rods, sandpaper numbers, cards and counters)
  • Numbers 11-19, 10-90 and 11-99 (using beads and specially designed  boards)
  • Introduction to thousands, hundreds, tens and units
  • Simple addition and subtraction (using beads and number cards)
  • Games to reinforce all of the above.

Culture

We offer many opportunities for the child to expand knowledge of the world during the early years when they are motivated by spontaneous interest. The materials provided in the culture area spark this interest. Some of the materials in this area are: Land and Water Globe, Continent Globe, World Map Puzzle, picture packets of animals and people in other countries.

The classroom offers children a concrete representation of history by letting them work timelines. Some examples of study through the use of timelines are: prehistoric life, the child's own life timeline or the teacher's life timeline and the child's day. Other cultures as well as our own are explored. Important figures from the past are discussed. 

We also have a Nature Table. The child will be encouraged to bring in objects, such as leaves, plants, seeds etc. The child will also learn the terms for the different parts of the tree, leaves, and the bird along with the life cycles of the frog, the ladybird and the butterfly.